What is the current product standard for mobile towers?
EN1004:2004 (published in the UK as BSEN1004:2004) is the European standard for mobile access and working towers made from prefabricated elements. It was published in 2004 and replaces the withdrawn British standard BS1139 Part 3. EN1004 covers standard mobile towers in the height range of 2.5m to 8m for external (outdoors) use and 2.5m to 12m internal (indoors) use.BS1139 Part 6 Metal Scaffolding, is the British standard which covers mobile access towers outside of the scope of EN1004 but which use the same components. Examples are high level towers greater than 12m for internal use and 8m for external use, towers with cantilever platforms, towers less than 2.5m in height commonly referred to as room scaffolds, linked towers and high clearance towers.
What is the 3T method and what is Advance Guardrail (AGR)?
3T stands for Through the Trap and it is one of two processes used for fall protection on mobile towers recommended by PASMA and the HSE. The other process is the use of Advance Guardrail (AGR) systems. If you don’t know what the 3T method is or how Advance Guardrail (AGR) systems work and you are involved in the building of mobile towers or you have responsibilities for the use of mobile towers, then you need to get PASMA trained.
Do I need the manufacturer’s instruction manual to assemble a tower?
Quite simply – if you don’t have a copy of the manufacturer’s instructions, you cannot assemble the tower.
If you hire a tower you should be issued a copy by the hire company. When you are assembling, altering or dismantling a mobile tower:
- You must have a copy of the correct instructions with you.
- You must note all of the safety information, the schedule of components and follow the step by step instructions every time and you must do this, even if you are a PASMA trained operative.
- Remember your PASMA training – no instruction manual means you cannot assemble the tower!
When should mobile towers be inspected?
Towers must be inspected as often as is necessary to ensure safety.
PASMA recommends that towers where it is possible to fall 2m or more you should carry out inspections after assembly or significant alteration, before use and following any event likely to have affected the towers stability or structural integrity. You should complete and issue the inspection report in accordance with the requirements of the work at Height Regulations. Re-inspect the tower as often as is necessary to ensure safety and at a minimum of every 7 days. A new report should be issued at each inspection.
You do not need to re-inspect the tower if it is moved unless it was necessary to significantly alter it to make that movement or if anything happens when moving it that may have affected its safety.
A tower from which it is possible to fall a distance of less than 2m has different inspection requirements. It must be inspected after assembly, and before use; after any event likely to have affected its stability or structural integrity and at suitable intervals depending on frequency and conditions of use.
PASMA recommends the use of the PASMA Tower Inspection Record which not only gives a visual indicator of the tower’s inspection status but also, when affixed to the tower and retained on completion, satisfies the inspection requirements of the Work at Height Regulations. PASMA have produced a pocket card and posters explaining the inspection requirements for mobile towers. The Inspection Records, pocket card and poster may be purchased online through their Online Shop.
If the tower is not high enough to complete the task is it acceptable to increase the height using the adjustable legs?
Is it acceptable to assemble a mobile tower on a slope?
That depends on various factors, it is therefore not possible to give an absolute answer. Conditions on site can vary so much and only your risk assessment can determine if it is safe to assemble a tower on a slope.
It is safer to assemble a tower on a slope on base plates instead of castors. Even if the tower is on base plates you may still need to tie the tower to a supporting structure or ground anchors to prevent movement. If the slope is steep then you may need to consider digging it out locally to accommodate the base plates on a flat area.
Check if the ground surface is suitable. Loose, soft or otherwise unstable sloping ground surfaces can be particularly dangerous. Where levelling is required beyond the adjustment available from the adjustable legs, consideration should be given to offsetting or using different end frames.
What are the guidelines for using a mobile access tower in bad weather?
The general guidance given by PASMA and many manufacturers is that mobile access towers (tower scaffolds) certified as conforming to the product standard EN1004 should be stable in a freestanding condition in wind speeds up to 28mph (Beaufort 6).
If the wind speed should exceed 17 mph you must STOP any work on the mobile access tower. The wind speed on the mobile access tower during work may be monitored using hand held anemometers which are readily available.
If the wind speed is likely to reach 25 mph then the mobile access tower must be properly tied to a suitable adjacent rigid supporting structure, capable of supporting the additional loads imposed by the mobile access tower. The connections (ties) between the tower and the supporting structure must be rigid in compression and tension i.e. you should NOT use rope, webbing, wire etc. You could use an arrangement of suitable aluminum or steel tubes and couplers.
As the tower must be tied if the wind speed is likely to reach 25mph, you will need to consider this point and take appropriate measures in your planning for the task. Potential wind speed may be established by reference to weather forecasts for the duration of the time that the mobile access tower will be standing and also by reference to meteorological data for the geographical area where it will be located.
If the wind speed is likely to reach 40mph, then the mobile access tower must be dismantled. Again, you will need to consider this point and take appropriate measures in your planning for the task.
The location of the site and the surrounding terrain will affect potential wind speeds e.g. on the top of a slope, hill, escarpment or cliff, close to the sea or estuaries, near woodland, in open country or near buildings. All of these terrains have an effect on wind speed.
If the mobile access tower is to be placed on a high structure where it will be exposed to wind (e.g. on a tall building) then wind speeds at the top of that structure may be considerably higher compared to those experienced at ground level. Therefore you must consider wind speed data which takes this point into account.
Do I need to fit stabilisers on mobile towers at 2.5m height or less?
Can I mix tower components from different manufacturers with BoSS components to form a tower?
The content below is aimed at clarifying Youngman Group’s position on the question of mixing tower components from different manufacturers.
This is a practice that Youngman Group strongly advises against because of the potential safety risks for users, and their inability to rely upon the manufacturers Product Liability Insurance in the event of an accident occurring as a result of mixing components from different manufacturers.
Working at Height involves managing risk. In the UK, as in many other Countries, we have extensive regulations and standards governing the selection and use of access equipment for Work at Height. In Europe, the standard for Mobile Access Towers is EN 1004: 2004, and the principal legislation governing use is the Work at Height Regulations 2005 (as amended). Selecting high quality equipment which meets the relevant standards and ensuring operatives are competent and appropriately trained is fundamental to user safety.
Youngman Group Limited designs and manufactures its BoSS tower system in accordance with European Norm EN 1004: 2004. The BoSS Tower System has been tested and approved to EN 1004: 2004 and carries both the British Standards Institute Kite mark and the GS mark from TuV Nord.
Securing the BS Kite mark and TuV’s GS Mark requires compliance with every clause in the Norm; the submission and approval of detailed structural calculations for every tower configuration we supply; production and approval of a detailed User Guide for every tower configuration; physical testing of our tower system and, to maintain these approvals necessitates regular audits and inspections by the British Standards Institute and TuV.
These approvals are for towers constructed solely from approved BoSS components manufactured by Youngman, and are your, and your customers, guarantee that the BoSS system and its components meet the European Norm and that, when properly maintained, and used in accordance with the BoSS User Guide, and provide a safe system of access.
In the event that components from another manufacturer are mixed with BoSS components to form a tower then the above approvals are invalid. Similarly, if another manufacturer has EN approval for their system, this too will be invalidated if components are mixed.
Whilst the dimensions of components from other manufacturers may be similar to BoSS, the materials used and the manufacturing processes mean the strength and performance of such components can be very different. Youngman Group, in common with other leading manufacturers, does not share their strength and performance data with third parties.
In practice this means a separate set of calculations for both strength and stability needs to be carried out for every different permutation of component mix, in every conceivable tower structure, built from mixed source components. This is impracticable, and is why manufacturers such as Youngman cannot accept liability for the consequences of accidents resulting from the mixing of BoSS components with those from other manufacturers.
Should you require any further clarification or information on this matter please do not hesitate to contact us.